Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD)

Tree planters doing various stretches

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) prevention resources webpage

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) account for almost half of all lost-time claims in Ontario. These pains and strains take a toll on productivity, worker morale and quality of life. 

As a company, you choose which path to take. A pro-active path that eliminates pains and strains or a costly reactive path that relies on luck to prevent injuries.

Provincial website for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders

Information and free resources for top workplace injury: 


Download and save these resources to help promote and improve health and safety in your workplace

Leading Practices

MSD Prevention Guidelines for Ontario

Office Ergonomics - Free e-learning for Office Workers

Physical Demands Analysis


Safety Talks



Ergonomics: Safe Use of Flat-Bed Press

Ergonomics: Safe Use of Rotary Die-Cutter Press


The guideline and resource manuals below are intended to inform workplace parties and the health and safety system partners about what MSDs are and how they can be recognized, assessed and controlled to minimize their impact on workers.

The MSD guideline, resource manual and toolbox were developed by the Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO) and the Centre for Research Excellence in Musculoskeletal Disorders (CREMSD). 

MSD Prevention Guidelines

Part 1: MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario

Part 2: Resource Manual for the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario

MSD Prevention Toolbox

Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox - Getting Started

Part 3B: MSD Prevention Toolbox - Beyond the Basics

Part 3C: MSD Prevention Toolbox - More on In-depth Risk Assessment Methods 

Office Ergonomics - Free e-learning for Office Workers

The training program was developed by the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) in partnership with Public Services Health & Safety Association (PSHSA), Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and U.S.-based Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety.eOfficeErgo: Ergonomics e-Learning for Office Workers is an evidence-based and standard-compliant online training program designed for employees who regularly use computers on the job.

By the end of the program, learners will be able to:

- Discuss the risks associated with computer work
- Explain the importance of varying their work posture
- Determine the key factors in maximizing their “comfort zone”
- Evaluate their office work environment
- Apply ergonomics strategies to the arrangement of their work environment
- Explain the importance of healthy computing habits, including rest breaks

The program includes nine interactive modules and is designed so participants can learn at their own pace, in their own environment. The course takes approximately 90 minutes in total to complete and allows users to start and stop the program as time allows.

The course is available in three formats: a free web-based version, a SCORM-compliant version that offers tracking functionality, and a SCORM-compliant version that you can download for use in your own Learning Management System (LMS).

The web-based version is available from IWH here:

The SCORM-compliant version that offers tracking functionality is available from PSHSA here:

The Access Form for receiving the SCORM-compliant version that you can download for use in your own LMS is available here:


A Physical Demands Analysis is a technique used to objectively measure the physical demands associated with a job. The tool evaluates the job and not the individual through describing the demands of the job. A Physical Demands Analysis is integral for a return-to-work (RTW) program.

A PDA should be completed jointly by a worker and an employer representative. The employer representative should have knowledge of how to complete PDA’s (i.e. a training course).  If PDA’s are developed by an external person, they should be reviewed and signed off by a worker and employer representative.

Physical Demands Analysis - General

Ergonomics Physical Demands Analysis - PowerPoint presentation

Physical Demands Analysis - Form -Template

Physical Demands Analysis - Mobile Equipment


Chip Truck




Fuel Truck


Grapple Skidder

Haulage Truck

Log Truck

Log Truck - Forwarder

Sand Truck

Service Truck



MOL - Safe Lifting

MOL - Prevent Pains & Strains

WSN - Stretching 101

Musculoskeletal Disorder Safety Talk

Musculoskeletal Disorder Safety Talk

Aches and Pains Safety Meeting Talk

Aches and Pains PowerPoint Presentation

Aches and Pains Leader's Guide

Aches and Pains Participant's Manual

Ergonomic Safety Talks

Back Care and Lifting


Hand Tools

Safety Boots

Supervisor Orientation




Paper, Printing and Converting